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It took the United States eight years to get a man on the moon, but it’s going to take transit officials almost 12 years to get a new high-speed “bus rapid transit” system onto one of San Francisco’s busiest corridors.
The Van Ness Avenue project, which in 2006 was projected to open at the end of this year — in time for the Muni centennial — has been pushed back four more years, largely because transit planners had underestimated the time needed to complete the environmental work and project planning.
The environmental impact report and the state’s own environmental review took more time to complete because of the complexity of the project, said Tilly Chang, deputy planning director of the San Francisco County Transportation Authority. She said this is more than just a transit project because it involves completely re-engineering the street.
The first feasible study on corridor in 2006 predicted that the environmental report would take two years to complete. Now it’s not expected until fall 2012.
That pushes back the start of service to fall 2016.
Late last week, the city’s Municipal Transportation Agency said it would pay the estimated $125 to $130 million cost of the project with money from the federal government, local sales tax and regional and state funds. Construction would start in spring 2015.
The transit agency’s board of directors made the plan more concrete last week by approving a design that puts the buses in the center of the street and boarding platforms on the right side. The design will also further limit left turns for drivers.
A bus rapid transit system dedicates a lane of traffic to public transportation. Getting buses out of regular traffic helps speed trips for riders, studies in cities around the world have shown. The system also can include signal priority for transit vehicles, low-floor buses for quicker boarding and pedestrian safety measures.
Tim Papandreou, deputy director of transportation planning for the city’s transit agency, said bus rapid transit on Van Ness will be 30 percent faster compared with current Muni service on the line, and buses will hold 25 percent more passengers.
The project calls for new 60-foot-long articulated buses for the 47-Van Ness route. Current buses on the line are only 40 feet long.
“On face it may seem simple, but it’s quite complicated,” said Michael Schwartz, transportation planner of the authority.
Many cities across the country are working on similar projects or already have them up and running, including Las Vegas and Los Angeles. Australia, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Canada and dozens of other countries have some form of bus rapid transit system.
Schwartz said the city’s bus rapid transit plan is unique in the United States in that it would be a full-featured bus rapid transit system in a very dense city. He said planning and analysis for the project needed to be more thorough, since other local and state agencies were involved. (Caltrans, for one, maintains Van Ness Avenue as a state highway.)
Despite all the delay, Schwartz said he remains optimistic about future bus rapid transit projects, and that the Van Ness Avenue experiment “will serve as a proof of concept” to speed development of bus rapid transit on Geary Boulevard and elsewhere.
The authority’s commissioners still needs to approve the design. A decision is expected in late June.
2004 — San Francisco County Transportation Authority calls for bus rapid transit on Van Ness Avenue as part of a citywide network on Geary Boulevard.
2006 — Feasibility study completed for the Van Ness Avenue corridor. Both the authority and Municipal Transportation Agency approve study.
2007 — Draft of environmental impact report research started in September. Project gets green light from Federal Transit Administration’s Small Starts program in December.
2011 — Draft of environmental impact report released to the public for review in November.
2012 — Municipal Transportation Agency board of directors adopts staff recommended design of a center-lane bus rapid transit with right-side boarding platforms and limited left turns in May. The authority still needs to adopt design.
Summer 2012 — A report from Caltrans to be released and 30 percent of design set to begin.
Fall 2012 — Final environmental impact report to be released.
Fall 2014 — 100 percent of Van Ness bus rapid transit design to be completed.
2015 to 2016 — New vehicles expected to arrive.
Spring 2015 to spring 2016 — Construction on Van Ness Avenue.
Fall 2016 — Bus rapid transit in service.
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